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Claassen, D.O., Dobolyo, D.G., Isaacs, D.A., Roman, O.C., Herb, J., Wylie, S.A., Neimat, J.S., Donahue, M.J., Hedera, P., Zald, D.H., Landman, B.A., Bowman, A.B., Dawant, B.M., Rane, S. (in press) Linear and Curvilinear Trajectories of Cortical Loss with Advancing Age and Disease Duration in Parkinson’s Disease. Aging and Disease, 7(5). pdf

Dang, L.C., Samanez-Larkin, G.R., Castrellon, J.J., Perkins, S.F., Cowan, R.L., Zald, D.H. (in press) Associations between dopamine D2 receptor availability and BMI depend on age. NeuroImage. pdf

Dang, L.C., Samanez-Larkin, G.R., Young, J.S., Cowan, R.L., Kessler, R.M., Zald, D.H. (2016) Caudate asymmetry is related to attentional impulsivity and an objective measure of ADHD-like attentional problems in healthy adults. Brain Structure and Function, 221(1), 277-86. pdf

Smith, C.T., Weafer, J., Cowan, R.L., Kessler, R.M., Palmer, A.A., de Wit, H., Zald, D.H. (2016) Individual differences in timing of peak positive subjective responses to d-amphetamine: Relationship to pharmacokinetics and physiology. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 30(4), 330-43. pdf

Smith, C.T., Dang L.C., Cowan, R.L., Kessler, R.M., Zald, D.H. (2016) Variability in paralimbic dopamine signaling correlates with subjective responses to d-amphetamine. Neuropharmacology, 108, 394-402. pdf

Herb, J.N., Rane, S., Isaacs, D.A., Van Wouwe, N., Roman, O.C., Landman, B.A., Dawant, B.M., Hedera, P., Zald, D.H., Neimat, J.S., Wylie, S.A., Donahue, M.J., Claassen, D.O. (2016) Cortical Implications of Advancing Age and Disease Duration in Parkinson’s Disease Patients with Postural Instability and Gait Dysfunction. Journal of Parkinson's Disease, 6(2), 441-51.


Claassen, D., Joshua, H., Isaacs, D., Roman, O., Hedera, P., Benoit, D., Landman, B., Zald, D. Neimat, J., Donahue, M., Wylie, S., Rane, S. (2015) Cortical Distinctions in Parkinson Disease patients with Predominant Gait Dysfunction.
Neurology, 84(14), P6.084.

Buckholtz, J.W., Martin, J.W., Treadway, M.T., Jan, K., Zald, D.H., Jones, O. Marois, R. (2015) From Blame to Punishment: Disrupting Prefrontal Cortex Activity Reveals Norm Enforcement Mechanisms.
Neuron, 87(6), 1369-80. pdf

Singh, M., Zald, D.H. (2015) A simple transfer function for nonlinear dendritic integration.
Computational Neuroscience, 9, 98. pdf

Salimpoor, V.N., Zald, D.H., Zatorre, R.J., Dagher, A., McIntosh, A.R. (2015) Predictions and the brain: how musical sounds become rewarding.
Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19(2), 86-91. pdf

Treadway, M.T., Peterman, J.S., Zald, D.H., Park, S. (2015) Impaired effort allocation in patients with schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia Research, 161(2-3), 382-5. pdf

Zald, D.H. (2015) Emotion and Mood.
Encyclopedia of Psychopharmacology, 607-12. pdf


Weiland, B.J., Heitzeg, M.M., Zald, D., Cummiford, C., Love, T., Zucker, R. A., Zubieta, J.K. (2014) Relationship between impulsivity, prefrontal anticipatory activation, and striatal dopamine release during rewarded task performance. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 233(3), 244-52. pdf

Tramonta, M.G., Cowan, R.L., Zald, D., Prokopa, J.W., Guillamondeguic, O. (2014) Traumatic brain injury-related attention deficits: Treatment outcomes with lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (Vyvanse). Brain Injury, 28(11), 1461-72. pdf

Benningfield M., Blackford, J.U., Ellsworth, M.E., Samanez-Larkin, G.R., Martin, P.R., Cowan, R.L., Zald, D.H. (2014) Caudate responses to reward anticipation associated with delay discounting behavior in healthy youth. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 7, 43-52. pdf

Savage, S.W., Zald, D.H., Cowan, R. L., Volkow, N.D. Marks-Shulman P., Kessler, R.M., Abumrad, N.N., Dunn J. P. (2014) Regulation of novelty seeking by midbrain dopamine D2/D3 signaling and ghrelin are altered in obesity. Obesity, 22(6), 1452-7. pdf

Kessler, R., Zald, D., Ansari, M.S., Li, R., Cowan, R. (2014) Changes in dopamine release  and dopamine D2/3 receptor levels with the development of mild obesity. Synapse, 68, 317-20. pdf

Lahey, B.B., Zald, D.H., Hakes, J.K, Krueger, R.F., Rathouz, P.J. (2014) Patterns of heterotypic continuity recapitulate the cross-sectional correlational structure of prevalent mental disorders in adults. JAMA Psychiatry, 71(9), 989-96. pdf

Kessler, R.M., Seibyl, J.S., Cowan, R.L., Zald, D.H. Young, J., Ansari, M.S., Stabin, M. (in press). Radiation dosimetry of [18F]FPEB in humans. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 55, 1119-21. pdf

Zald, D. H., McHugo, M., Ray, K. L., Glahn, D. C., Eickhoff, S. B., Laird, A. R. (2014) Meta-analytic connectivity modeling reveals differential functional connectivity of the medial and lateral orbitofrontal cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 24, 232-48. pdf


Edmiston E.K., McHugo M., Smith, S.D., Abou-Khalil, B., Zald, D.H. (2013) Enhanced visual cortical activation for emotional stimuli is preserved in patients with unilateral amygdala resection. Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 11023-31. pdf

Treadway, M. T., Zald, D. H. (2013) Parsing Anhedonia Translational Models of Reward-Processing Deficits in Psychopathology. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(3), 244-49. pdf

Barry, R. L., Coaster, M., Rogers, B. P., Newton, A. T., Moore, J. Anderson, A. W., Zald, D. H., Gore, J. C. (2013) On the Origins of Signal Variance in FMRI of the Human Midbrain at High Field. PLOS-ONE, 8(4), e62708. pdf

Olatunji, B. O., Armstrong, T., McHugo, M., Zald, D. H. (2013) Heightened Attentional Capture by Threat in Veterans With PTSD. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 122(2), 397-405. pdf

Treadway, M. T., Buckholtz, J. W., Zald, D. H. (2013) Perceived stress predicts altered reward and loss feedback processing in medial prefrontal cortex. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7(180). pdf

McHugo, M., Olatunji, B. O., Zald, D. H. (2013) The emotional attentional blink: what we know so far. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7(151). pdf


Samanez-Larkin, G. R., Buckholtz, J. W., Cowan, R. L., Woodward, N. D., Li, R., Ansari, M. S., Arrington, C. M., Baldwin, R. M., Smith, C. E., Treadway, M. T., Kessler, R. M., Zald, D. H. (2012) A Thalamocorticostriatal Dopamine Network for Psychostimulant-Enhanced Human Cognitive Flexibility. Biological Psychiatry, 74(2), 99-105. pdf

Essex, B. G., Clinton, S. A., Wonderley, L. R., Zald, D. H. (2012) The impact of the posterior parietal and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices on the optimization of long-term versus immediate value. The Journal of Neuroscience, 32(44), 15403-13. pdf

Treadway, M. T., Bossaller, N. A., Shelton, R. C., Zald, D. H. (2012) Effort-based decision-making in major depressive disorder: A translational model of motivational anhedonia. The Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121(3), 553-58. pdf

Lahey, B. B., Applegate, A., Hakes, J. K., Zald, D. H., Hariri, A. R., Rathouz, P. J. (2012) Is there a general factor of prevalent psychopathology during adulthood? Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 121(4), 971-77. pdf

Davis, F. C., Knodt, A. R., Sporns, O., Lahey, B. B., Zald, D. H., Brigidi, B. D., Hariri, A. R. (2012) Impulsivity and the modular organization of resting-state neural networks. Cerebral Cortex. [Epub ahead of print] pdf

Zald, D. H., Zatorre, R. J., Gottfried, J. A., editor. Music: Neurobiology of Sensation and Reward. Frontiers in Neuroscience. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press; 2011. Chapter 19. Amazon

Treadway, M. T., Buckholtz, J. W., Cowan, R. L., Woodward, N. D., Li, R., Ansari, M. S., Baldwin, R. M., Schwartzman, A. N., Kessler, R. M., Zald, D. H. (2012) Dopaminergic mechanisms of individual differences in human effort-based decision-making. Journal of Neuroscience, 32(18), 6170-76. pdf

Lahey, B. B, McNealy, K., Knodt, A., Zald, D. H., Sporns, O., Manuck, S. B., Flory, J. D., Applegate, B., Rathouz, P. J., Hariri, A. R. (2012) Using confirmatory factor analysis to measure contemporaneous activation of defined neuronal networks in functional magnetic resonance imaging. Neuroimage, 60(4), 1982-91. pdf

Ray, R. D., Zald, D. H. (2012) Anatomical insights into the interaction of emotion and cognition in the prefrontal cortex. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 36(1), 479-501. pdf


Stice, E., Yokum, S., Zald, D., Dagher, A. (2011) Dopamine-based reward circuitry responsivity, genetics, and overeating. Current Topics in Behavioral Neuroscience 6, 81-93. pdf

Coaster, M., Rogers, B. P., Jones, O. D., Viscussi, K. W., Merkle, K., Zald, D. H., Gore, J. C. (2011) Variables influencing the neural correlates of perceived risk of physical harm. Cognitive Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 11(4), 494-507. pdf

Olatunji, B. O., Ciesielski, B., Zald, D. (2011) A selective impairment in attentional disengagement from erotica in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 35(8), 1977-82. pdf

Armstrong, T., Zald, D. H., Olatunji, O. (2011) Attentional control in OCD and GAD: Specificity and associations with core cognitive symptoms. Behavior Research and Therapy, 49(11), 756-62. pdf

Wardle, M. C., Treadway, M. T., Mayo, L. M., Zald, D. H., de Wit, H. (2011) Amping up effort: Effects of d-Ampetamine on human effort-based decision-making. The Journal of Neuroscience, 31(46), 16597-602. pdf

Blackford, J. U., Avery, S. N., Cowan, R. L., Shelton, R. C., Zald, D. H. (2011) Sustained amygdala response to both novel and newly familiar faces characterizes inhibited temperament. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6(5), 621-29. pdf

Piech, R., McHugo, M., Smith, S. S., Dukic, S., Van Der Meer, J., Most, S., Zald, D. H. (2011) Attentional capture in emotional stimuli is preserved in patients with amygdala lesions. Neuropsychologia, 49(12), 3314-19. pdf

Essex, B., Lejuez, C.W., Qian, R.Y., Bernstein, K., Zald, D.H. (2011) The Balloon Analog Insurance Task (BAIT): A behavioral measure of protective risk management. PLOS-ONE, 6(6), e21448. pdf

Olatunji, B.O., Ciesielski, B., Armstrong, T., Zald, D. (2011) Making something out of nothing: Neutral content modulates attention in generalized anxiety disorder. Depression and Anxiety, 28(5), 427-34. pdf

Eapen, M., Zald, D. H., Gatenby, J. C., Ding, Z., Gore, J. C. (2011) Using high-resolution MR imaging at 7T to evaluate the anatomy of the midbrain dopaminergic system. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 32(4), 688-94. pdf

Woodward, N. D., Cowan, R. L., Park, S., Ansari, M. S., Baldwin, R. M., Li, R., Doop, M., Kessler, R. M., Zald, D. H. (2011) Correlation of individual differences in schizotypal personality traits with amphetamine-induced dopamine release in striatal and extrastriatal brain regions. American Journal of Psychiatry, 168(4), 418-26. pdf

Treadway, M. T., Zald, D. H. (2011) Reconsidering anhedonia in depression: Lessons from translational neuroscience. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 35(3), 537-55. pdf


Ciesielski, B. G., Armstrong, T., Zald, D. H., Olatunji, B. O. (2010) Emotion modulation of visual attention: categorical and temporal characteristics. PLoS One, 5(11), e13860. pdf

Zald, D. H., Andreotti, C. (2010) Neuropsychological assessment of the orbital and ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Neuropsychologia, 48(12), 3377-91. pdf

Buckholtz, J. W., Treadway, M. T., Cowan, R. L., Woodward, N. D., Li, R., Ansari, M. S., Baldwin, R. M., Schwartzman, A. N., Shelby, E. S., Smith, C. E., Kessler, R. M., Zald, D. H. (2010) Dopaminergic network differences in human impulsivity. Science, 329, 532. pdf

Piech, R. M., McHugo, M., Smith, S. D., Dukic, M. S., Van Der Meer, J., Abou-Khalil, B., Zald, D. H. (2010) Fear-enhanced visual search persists after amygdala lesions. Neuropsychologia, 48(12), 3430-35. pdf

Buckholtz, J. W., Treadway, M. T., Cowan, R. L., Woodward, N. D., Benning, S. D., Li, R., Ansari, M. S., Baldwin, R. M., Schwartzman, A. N., Shelby, E. S., Smith, C. E., Cole, D., Kessler, R. M., Zald, D. H. (2010) Mesolimbic dopamine reward system hypersensitivity in individuals with psychopathic traits. Nature Neuroscience. 13(4), 419-21. pdf

Zald, D. H., Woodward, N. D., Cowan, R. L., Riccardi, P., Ansari, M. S., Baldwin, R. M., Cowan, R. L., Smith, C. E., Hakyemez, H., Li, R., Kessler, R. M. (2010) The interrelationship of dopamine D2-like receptor availability in striatal and extrastriatal brain regions in healthy humans: a principal component analysis of [18F]fallypride binding. NeuroImage, 51(1), 53-62. pdf

Blackford, J. U., Buckholtz, J. W., Avery, S. N., Zald, D. H. (2010) A unique role for the human amygdala in novelty detection. NeuroImage, 50(3), 1188-93. pdf

Piech, R. M., Pastorino, M. T., Zald, D. H. (2010) All I saw was the cake. Hunger effects on attentional capture by visual food cues. Appetite, 54(3), 579-82. pdf


Blackford, J. U., Avery, S. N., Shelton, R. C., Zald, D. H. (2009) Amygdala temporal dynamics: temperamental differences in the timing of amygdala response to familiar and novel faces. BMC Neuroscience, 10, 145. pdf

Zald, D. H. (2009) Orbitofrontal cortex contributions to food selection and decision making. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 38 Suppl 1, S18-24. pdf

Treadway, M. T, Buckholtz, J. W., Schwartzman, A. N., Lambert, W. E., Zald, D. H. (2009) Worth the 'EEfRT'? The effort expenditure for rewards task as an objective measure of motivation and anhedonia. PLoS One, 4(8), e6598. pdf

Woodward, N. D., Zald, D. H., Ding, Z., Riccardi, P., Ansari, M. S., Baldwin, R. M., Cowan, R. L., Li, R., Kessler, R. M. (2009) Cerebral morphology and dopamine D2/D3 receptor distribution in humans: a combined [18F]fallypride and voxel-based morphometry study. NeuroImage, 46(1), 31-38. pdf

Stice, E., Spoor, S., Ng, J., Zald, D. H. (2009) Relation of obesity to consummatory and anticipatory food reward. Physiology & Behavior, 97(5), 551-60. pdf

Tomarken, A. J., Zald, D. H. (2009) Conceptual, methodological, and empirical ambiguities in the linkage between anger and approach: comment on Carver and Harmon-Jones (2009). Psychological Bulletin, 135(2), 209-14; discussion 215-17. pdf

Kessler, R. M., Woodward, N. D., Riccardi, P., Li, R., Ansari, M. S., Anderson, S., Dawant, B., Zald, D. H., Meltzer, H. Y. (2009) Dopamine D2 receptor levels in striatum, thalamus, substantia nigra, limbic regions, and cortex in schizophrenic subjects. Biological Psychiatry, 65(12), 1024-31. pdf


Zald, D. H., Cowan, R. L., Riccardi, P., Baldwin, R. M., Ansari, M. S., Li, R., Shelby, E. S., Smith, C. E., McHugo, M., Kessler, R. M. (2008) Midbrain dopamine receptor availability is inversely associated with novelty-seeking traits in humans. Journal of Neuroscience, 28(53), 14372-8. pdf

Buckholtz, J. W., Asplund, C. L., Dux, P. E., Zald, D. H., Gore, J. C., Jones, O. D., Marois, R. (2008) The neural correlates of third-party punishment. Neuron, 60(5), 930-40. pdf

Smith, S. D., Abou-Khalil, B., Zald, D. H. (2008) Posttraumatic stress disorder in a patient with no left amygdala. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117(2), 479-84. pdf

Hakyemez, H. S., Dagher, A., Smith, S. D., Zald, D. H. (2008) Striatal dopamine transmission in healthy humans during a passive monetary reward task. NeuroImage, 39(4), 2058-65. pdf

Lishner, D., Cooter, A. B., Zald, D. H. (2008). Addressing measurement limitations in affective rating scales: Development of an empirical valence scale. Cognition and Emotion, 22(1), 180–92. pdf


Yang, E., Zald, D. H., Blake, R. (2007) Fearful expressions gain preferential access to awareness during continuous flash suppression. Emotion, 7(4), 882-86. pdf

Zald, D. H. (2007) Orbital versus dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: anatomical insights into content versus process differentiation models of the prefrontal cortex. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1121, 395-406. pdf

Fecteau, S., Pascual-Leone, A., Zald, D. H., Liguori, P., Théoret, H., Boggio, P. S., Fregni, F. (2007) Activation of prefrontal cortex by transcranial direct current stimulation reduces appetite for risk during ambiguous decision making. Journal of Neuroscience, 27(23), 6212-18. pdf

Woodward, N. D., Purdon, S. E., Meltzer, H. Y., Zald, D. H. (2007) A meta-analysis of cognitive change with haloperidol in clinical trials of atypical antipsychotics: dose effects and comparison to practice effects. Schizophrenia Research, 89(1-3), 211-24. pdf

Most, S. B., Smith, S. D., Cooter, A. B., Levy, B. N., Zald, D. H. (2007) The naked truth: Positive, arousing distractors impair rapid target perception. Cognition and Emotion, 21(5), 964-81. pdf

Zald, D. H. Neuropsychological assessment of orbitofrontal dysfunction. In Zald, D.H. & Rauch, S.L. (eds.). The Orbitofrontal Cortex. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K. Amazon


Kilpatrick, L., Zald, D. H., Pardo, J. V., & Cahill, L. (2006). Sex-related differences in amygdala functional connectivity during resting conditions. NeuroImage 30, 452-61. pdf

Riccardi, P., Zald, D. H., Park, S., Li, R., Ansari, M. S., Dawant, B., Anderson, S., Woodward, N., Schmidt, D., Baldwin, R., Kessler, R. (2006). Gender differences in the dopaminergic responses to amphetamine. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 1639-41. pdf

Riccardi, P., Li, R. Ansari, M. S., Zald, D. H., Park, S., Dawant, B., Anderson, S., Doop, M. Woodward, N., Schmidt, D., Baldwin, R., Kessler, R. (2006). Amphetamine induced displacement of [18F] Fallypride in striatum and extrastriatal regions. Neuropsychopharmacology, 31, 1016-26. pdf

Smith, S. D., Most, S. B., Newsome, L. & Zald, D.H. (2006). An "emotional blink" of attention elicited by aversively conditioned stimuli. Emotion, 6, 523-27. pdf


Most, S. B., Chun, M. M., Widders, D. M., & Zald, D. H. (2005). Attentional rubbernecking: Attentional capture by threatening distractors induces blindness for targets. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 12, 654-61. pdf

Zald, D.H., Curtis, C.E., Chernitsky, L., Pardo, J.V. (2005). The frontal lobe and the acquisition of object alternation. Neuropsychology, 19, 97-105. pdf

Woodward, N. D., Purdon, S. E., Meltzer, H., Zald, D. H. (2005). A meta-analysis of neuropsychological change to clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone in schizophrenia. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 8, 457-72. pdf

Gottfried, J. A., Zald, D. H. (2005). On the Scent of Human Olfactory Orbitofrontal Cortex: Meta-analysis and comparison to non-human primates. Brain Research Reviews, 50, 287-304. pdf


Zald, D. H., Boileau, I., El Deredy, W., Gunn, R., McGlone, F., Dichter, G., Dagher, A. (2004). Dopamine transmission in the human striatum during monetary reward tasks. Journal of Neuroscience, 24, 4105-12. pdf


Zald, D. H. (2003). The human amygdala and the emotional evaluation of sensory stimuli. Brain Research Reviews, 41, 88-123. pdf


Zald, D. H., Matson, D. L., Pardo, J. V. (2002). Brain activity in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex correlates with individual differences in negative affect. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences, 99, 2450-54. pdf

Zald, D. H., Curtis, C. E., Folley, B., Pardo, J. V. (2002). Prefrontal contributions to delayed spatial and object alternation: a positron emission tomography study. Neuropsychology, 16, 182-89. pdf


Zald, D. H., Depue, R. A. (2001) Serotonergic functioning correlates with positive and negative affect in healthy males. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 71-86. pdf


Grove, W. M., Zald, D. H., Lebow, B. S., Snitz, B. E., Nelson, C. (2000) Clinical versus mechanical prediction: A meta‚Äč-‚Äčanalysis. Psychological Assessment, 12(1), 19-30. pdf